had defeated. [4] His parents were Queen Joan III (Jeanne d'Albret) and King Antoine of Navarre. Richard was also accused of killing King Henry VI in the Tower of London, also in 1471. The Hundred Years' War (1337-1453 CE) was ultimately … His wife, Catherine of Valois, was the younger sister of the widow of Richard II, Isabella of Valois. As time went on, however, Henry grew increasingly unpopular, and in the final years of his rule, both his physical and mental health severely declined. With lands to conquer, rebellions to quash and finances to raise, ruling over medieval England was no mean feat. Henry wrote a number of songs, with his most well-known song being “Pastime With Good Company”. They had two daughters together, Isabella Clara Eugenia and Catherine Micaela. Year 1560: Philip married Elizabeth of France, the daughter of King Henry II. No one knew it at the time, but he would become one of the most powerful monarchs to rule England. Henry was born on 1 October 1207 in Winchester, the son of John. Aug 19, 2014 - Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272) was the son and successor of John “Lackland” as King of England, reigning for fifty-six years from 1216 to his death. Henry VII of England (Born on January 28, 1457, at Pembroke Castle, Wales, Died on April 21, 1509, in Richmond Palace), was King of England and Lord of Ireland from August 22, 1485, until his death and the founder of the Tudor dynasty.. The king's attempt to find an inheritance for John led to opposition from Richard and Philip II of France. Philip, on the other hand, was unwilling to jeopardize his friendship with Henry and was irritated at Richard's virtual takeover of the island. An able, ruthless, and secretive monarch, he led the empire into a disastrous confrontation with Pope Gregory VII in the Investiture Controversy.. Born in Goslar, Saxony, Henry IV was the only son of Emperor Henry III and Agnes of Poitou. He ruled as the King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1573 to 1575 and the King of France from 1574 until his death. Year 1558: Queen Mary I was executed and then King Philip II tried to persuade Elizabeth, her sister to marry him, she refused. He broke with the Roman Church and founded the Church of England or Anglican. Richard III was the last English king to die in battle. Richard III has been accused of several crimes throughout his reign, most of which can not be proven true or false. Henry V: A Pious King Prepares for War . The first of the Plantagenet kings of England was also one of the most able of all this country's monarchs. Henry II (1133–89), king of England (1154–89). 22 August 1485 – Defeats Richard III at Bosworth Field and becomes King of England and of France, Lord of Ireland and Prince of Wales 30 October 1485 – Coronation of Henry VII 7 November 1485 – First Parliament of Henry VII Name: King Henry I Born: September, 1068 at Selby, Yorkshire Parents: William I and Matilda of Flanders Relation to Elizabeth II: 24th great-grandfather House of: Normandy Ascended to the throne: August 3, 1100 aged 31 years Crowned: August 6, 1100 at Westminster Abbey Married: (1) Edith (Matilda), Daughter of Malcolm III (2) Adelicia, Daughter of Geoffrey VII, count of Louvain Henry V’s great-grandfather was Edward III of England, the first English king to lay claim to the throne in France. It was between catholicism and henry's religion, huguenotism. And he stayed that way for 17 months . Henry VIII was King of England from 1509 until his death in 1547. Henry IV. In 1509 Henry became king at the age of 17. Richard III remains the only English king since 1066 to have no burial place. King Henry VIII was the second monarch of England and reigned during the 16th century. He was also the last English king to die in battle. Henry IV died in 1413, and the 26-year-old prince took the throne as Henry V. Conspiracies soon arose among his onetime friends to … Henry V was the second English monarch to hail from the House of Lancaster. Henry VI of England ruled as king from 1422 to 1461 CE and again from 1470 to 1471 CE.Succeeding his father Henry V of England (r. 1413-1422 CE), Henry VI was crowned the king of France in 1431 CE but he could not prevent a French revival led by Charles VII of France (r. 1422-1461 CE) and such figures as Joan of Arc (c. 1412-1431 CE). AKA Edward. Some monarchs flourished, while others floundered. It was the last major battle which ended the Wars of the Roses between the Houses of York and Lancaster. Upon Henry’s death in 1547, Edward succeeded him as king at the tender age of 10 and ruled until his death in 1553. Henry Tudor had now declared himself Henry VII and Lord Stanley placed Richard’s crown upon his stepson’s head.  Henry was a Huguenot. But, what made Henry different was what he did with his power. Henry VIII was born on June 28, 1491, in Placentia Palace (Greenwich, England). Henry publicly chastised her and, in a fit of spite, sent several of her favorite attendants back to Spain. His paternal grandfather was John of Gaunt. He was the second of the Tudor dynasty. Edward II, King of England, the fourth son of King Edward I by his first wife Eleanor of Castile, was born at Carnarvon Castle on the 25th of April 1284. King of England, 1307-27. Henry VIII introduced a tax on beards, which varied with the beard wearer’s social status. Son of Henry VII, the first English monarch of the Tudor dynasty, and Elizabeth of York. Later, the coffin was supposedly used as a horse trough and cellar steps in a nearby manor. Biography >> Renaissance. In the year, 1598, Henry puts the Edict of … Before becoming King of England in 1154, he was first made Duke of Anjou in 1151, and Duke of Aquitaine in 1152. Henry II of England (also known as Henry of Anjou, Henry Plantagenet, Henry FitzEmpress, or Henry Curtmantle) was born in 1133 in Le Mans, Maine, which is now part of France. Spouse: King Henry II; Key Accomplishments: A powerful force during the reigns of three successive kings, Catherine played a major role in 16th-century … Henry III reigned from 1216 until his death in 1272, making him the longest-serving English monarch until George III reached 56 years on the throne in 1816. He fought the Catholics for 4 years until he converted to Catholicism to end the fighting. 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