When mature, these slow-growing shrubs can grow to 50 ft. (15 m). Too much direct sunlight may burn the foliage. Overwatering can also cause mold issues on plant soil. Allow the cut stem to dry for a few days. Or you could buy a commercial potting mix for houseplants and amend the … To improve drainage, choose a potting soil that contains peat moss. You may need to transfer a corn plant to a larger container every two to three years. A mature corn plant may flower indoors occasionally. Let the water flow through for two to three minutes. In order to enhance drainage, pour clay pebbles or small stones into the pot to form a layer at the bottom. Transfer the corn plant to a larger container to prevent the plant from becoming root-bound. The most common type of corn plant is the Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’ (also called mass cane plant). Water when the top inch of soil is dry, avoiding city water if possible. Some ways to increase humidity for Dracaenas include: Flowers of Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’. Before watering, it’s best to let water sit in a jar for 24 hours. Soil & Transplanting Sandy loam soil that has a significant portion of organic matter tends to make the best soil for perennial houseplants. Pests such as thrips, scale, and spider mites can infest corn plants. If at all possible you want to keep your Dragon Tree inside of the pot that it arrived in, even if it looks a little too small or little to constricted. Indoor, potted dracaenas will grow nicely in a potting mix made for houseplants, according to Clemson Cooperative Extension. Too much soil moisture often causes weak, limp leaves and a soft, mushy stem. Fill the pot with the soil mixture to within 1 inch of the rim. Fertilizer. It can be grown in decorative planters or bowls filled with just rocks and water, making it one of the most tolerant houseplants you can grow. To help revive a dying Dracaena fragrans, try repotting it in a fresh potting mix if excess moisture has caused fungal diseases. The flowers grow on a long branching panicle that produces whitish-pink buds. Soil that retains too much water could harm the plant and cause root rot. Species of Dracaena fragrans don’t mind being slightly rootbound. You will have the crown section, the root section, and a middle part. Dracaena fragrans grows outdoors in USDA zones 10 and 11. The main factor affecting Dracaena’s growth is light—plenty of bright indirect light encourages the best growth. Put the plant in the pot and fill the remaining space with soil. While both of these chemicals are good for distributing pure water, exposing the Lucky Bamboo tree to either of them is sure to be detrimental to the plant’s leaves, and with the passing of sufficient time, robust growth may become unattainable. It is vital to keep the temperature as even as possible to avoid sudden fluctuations. It’s crucial to get rid of houseplant pests as soon as possible. If the soil settles, add more so that the surface is within 1 inch of the pot's rim. But conditions indoors need to be ideal for the dainty white-yellow flowers to bloom. These buds bloom in the evening and give off a strong fragrance. And although the plants are known for their ability to thrive in low light, they grow best in bright but indirect light. Dracaena marginata should be potted using a soil mix of 1/2 to 1/3 potting soil and 1/2 to 2/3 perlite or loam. Brown tips on the leaves mean you should increase air moisture levels. Plant the newly-cut stem in a pot with a fresh, sterile potting mix. Dracaena fragrans is the most commonly grown species. Although the plant does best in humid conditions and likes moist soil, its soil must drain well. Typically, watering every 10-14 days will keep the soil with a nice even level of moisture. Here’s a fun fact: lucky bamboo isn’t actually bamboo! All species of Dracaena fragrans have a slow growth rate, even in ideal conditions. You may also notice that water doesn’t drain as quickly as it should in heavy soils. If the corn plant starts to grow too tall, you can prune the stem back following the propagation method above. Most people keep corn plants for their spiky foliage rather than their less than showy flowers. Outdoor Dracaena massangeana are an excellent choice for home gardeners with children. Most diseases that affect corn plants are the result of overwatering. Due to their modest growth rate, corn plants don’t need much fertilizer to thrive. Although many Dracaena cultivars are low-light houseplants, the variegated varieties need bright, indirect sunlight. For Dracaena fragrans plants to thrive, aim for humidity levels between 40 and 50 percent. The best way to water corn plants is to soak the soil thoroughly and allow excess water to drain. Although harmless, white plant mold can ruin the plant’s appearance. 1/2 potting soil, 1/4 clay pebbles (Dracaenas seem to love a bit of rock!) Peat moss can help lower soil pH, although its sustainability as a natural resource is hotly debated. The soil is one of the biggest reasons why your Dracaena Massangeana will grow well, so it is important to get it right. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. It is best to use rich soil if possible when planting Dracaena fragrans, and it thrives best when you use a balanced liquid-style fertilizer around once per month. Dracaena fragrans plants contain poisonous substances that can harm pets such as cats and dogs. And, because corn plants need less watering in the winter, they can suffer from a lack of moisture. If your corn plant looks like it’s dying, it crucial to find the root cause. I’ve been growing a bamboo with five stems for 1 year now. If growing in direct sun for too long, the leaves will become discolored and wilt. Children are fascinated by the plant's common name -- the Madagascar dragon tree -- and by its sword-like leaves. So what would a good Dracaena soil mix look like? Palm Plant Care: How to Grow Indoor Palm Trees as Houseplants, Calathea Medallion: Care, Plant Profile and Growing Tips, Calathea Makoyana (Calathea Peacock Plant): Care and Growing Guide, Hoya Plant Care: How to Grow Hoya Varieties (Wax Plant), Dracaena Fragrans (Corn Plant): Care and Growing Guide, how to get rid of pests from houseplants naturally, Dieffenbachia Plant (Leopard Lily, Dumb Cane) Care, Aglaonema Care: How to Grow Chinese Evergreen. Outdoors, choose a location that does not collect standing water and has rich, loamy soil. Transplant when the plant grows too large for the pot. Images of Dracaena fragrans ‘Limelight’ (left) and ‘Lemon Lime’ (right). Also, brightly-colored foliage on some species may fade. If you live in temperate climates, you can take potted corn plants outside in summer. Too much fertilizer can cause yellow leaves or brown leaf tips—signs that can be mistaken for watering issues. Water when the top inch of soil is partly dry and feed every 3 weeks in the growing season. The corn plant is a popular ornamental houseplant because it thrives in most indoor environments. Growing indoors, corn plants reach up to 6 ft. high (1.8 m) and are suitable as a tall houseplant for your home. There are about 40 species of dracaenas and many more cultivars, which range widely in size and shape. The Dracaena Sanderiana plant is more sensitive to these chemical treatments than other houseplants like Peace Lily, Weeping Fig, etc. The lower leaves naturally turn yellow and drop off as the plant grows and matures. When it’s time to plant or repot your Dracaena, mix a loamy soil and peat moss together before adding it to the pot. This cultivar thrives in bright light, and its glossy green foliage has a lime green or yellow stripe running the length of its center. Growing at a slow pace, corn plants will last a long time as an ornamental indoor plant without getting too big. Dracaena trees prefer the soil to dry between waterings, but not completely through the pot. Pictures of Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’. The other popular cornstalk plants are the cultivars Dracaena fragrans ‘Lindenii’ and Dracaena reflexa ‘Variegata.’ These cultivars have bright yellowish stripes on the leaf edges. Therefore, pay attention to humidity levels in winter. Dracaenas are tropical plants and are not frost tolerant, so for that reason, they are usually grown indoors. To improve drainage, choose a potting soil that contains peat moss. It’s in a glass container filled with small white stones. I create my perfect potting medium by mixing some soil with peat moss and perlite. If the leaves lose their green color and become pale yellow, overwatering is usually to blame. You can boost growth by using a balanced liquid fertilizer monthly. The way to propagate a Dracaena plant is to cut the woody stem into three pieces. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Missouri Botanical Garden: Dracaena fragrans, Missouri Botanical Garden: Dracaena marginata. Photo: Amazon.com. Pull the thick stem to remove the plant’s root ball from the container. Dracaena plants grow best in average humidity and a temperature range of 60°F to 75°F (15°C – 24°C). This helpful watering tip allows chemicals in tap water to evaporate and causes less stress for your houseplants. In poorly drained soil, the tree is at risk of root rot and other fungal diseases. Growing in organically-rich soil provides plenty of nutrients. Brown tips on the pointed green Dracaena leaves are due to lack of water or lack of humidity. Position your potted dracaena where it can receive strong, indirect light. For more information, please read this article on how to get rid of pests from houseplants naturally. Please read on to find out more care tips for your spiky houseplant. You never want the soil to be soggy as this plant can be prone to root rot, however allowing the soil to get bone dry will result in brown tips on the plant's leaves. I keep it in a window, but not in the sun. You should reduce (or completely stop) feeding the plant fertilizer once winter starts. Dracaena marginata is a slow-growing plant, so you’ll only need to repot every few years to keep this plant happy. Dracaenas are very slow growing plants, both in the summer months and the winter months. Dracaena fragrans grows outdoors in USDA zones 10 and 11. However, many plant owners trim off flowering stems to help concentrate growth in the main plant. Soil and Transplanting When potting or transplanting use a well-drained soil to avoid soil becoming heavily soaked when watering. This will help ensure roots won’t wallow in water, which could be fatal to it. So, corn plants should thrive in average room humidity. Allow it to drain for 15 minutes, then water again. Variegated species of Dracaena fragrans thrive on an east-facing windowsill. One of the best things about dracaenas is that they are easy to grow, but don't let your little ones be too eager to water the plant. If you don’t have houseplant potting mix on hand, the Purdue … (1). As for soil, buy or make a loamy, well-draining mix with a pH of 6-7. All, however, have the same basic soil and cultural requirements. I would say this is the one thing that makes Dracaena marginata care slightly tricky at first—it’s easy to overwater this plant so use some caution. Use a houseplant potting mix, but add vermiculite or peat moss to improve drainage, and be sure the pot has holes at the bottom. Different Types of Dracaena Plants Thoroughly water and place in a bright spot, protected from direct sunlight. Half-fill a larger container with the appropriate potting mix. Potted dracaena marginata Growing Dracaena marginata in a pot requires good soil mix that can be amended with ⅓ compost, if you’ve got some at hand. Dracaena Fragrans Plant Care . Take the corn plant container to the bath or outdoors. Watering when the soil is partly dry prevents moisture problems in the pot. Make the ideal dracaena potting soil by combining one part peat moss, one part compost, and one part perlite. Although Dracaena plants seem to thrive on neglect, they have some care requirements to help them thrive. Slightly sandy soil that drains quickly provides the best growing conditions for the plant. references. If ingested, these can cause vomiting, excessive drooling in cats, dogs, and horses. Every week, I have to empty the water and rinse the stones well to prevent the water from spoiling. 3/4 potting soil, 1/4 lava rock Here you can see how I repotted my Dracaena Lemon Lime: It actually belongs to the plant family of Dracaenas, just like Dracaena marginata, or the Madagascar Dragon Plant. (1), According to NASA research, many types of corn plants show the potential of filtering harmful chemicals from the air. You will need to refresh your potting soil every spring, but you can do this by taking out ⅓ of it and replacing it with a new layer of topsoil. Don't forget to wear gloves when working in soil to protect yourself from soil-borne pathogens. Dracaenas (Dracaena spp.) Although all species in the genus Dracaena are easy-to-care-for, they cannot stand in soggy soil material. A mix of succulent soil and potting soil is a good fit for a Dracaena. Repeat the flushing two or three times during the growing season. One of the most common mistakes to avoid if you want your Dracaena fragrans to thrive is to water on a schedule. Water again, let the water drain, then allow the soil to dry before you water it next time. You will probably only need to re-pot your dracaena every two or three years. Keep the plants in a bright spot, but shaded from direct sunshine. Pruning Both in water and in soil, Dracaena Sanderiana does not stop growing. It’s not necessary to prune corn plants to encourage growth or a bushy appearance. The most crucial factors when it comes to caring for corn plants is to water them properly and get the lighting right. Don’t feed in winter. As a general rule, water Dracaena fragrans as often as the top 1” to 2” (2.5 – 5 cm) of soil dries out. Prune when the plant gets too tall. Also called cornstalk plant or the happy plant, Dracaena fragrans can be grown in a shaded corner, bright room, or office with only artificial light. Here are the steps you need to flush the potting mix: Propagating Dracaena fragrans is done through stem cuttings. Corn plants—similar to most houseplants—only need watering when the soil partially dries. Dracaena marginata plants like loose, well-draining potting soil with a pH of 6-7, which is on the acidic side. Your dracaena prefers to be a little root-bound and is slow growing, so the pot you grow your dracaena in needs to be only slightly larger than the root ball. These issues can cause soggy stems, brown spots on leaves, and—eventually—death. The plants are the complete package: interesting to look at, easy to care for, and generally hardy. If you notice signs of plant bugs, wipe the leaves with insecticidal soap or treat them with a neem oil solution. Soil. This type of soil helps to prevent moisture problems that can lead to root rot. In addition, the plants are sensitive to fluoride, so if your tap water has added fluoride, don't use it to water your dracaena. Most dracaenas are grown as houseplants. Potted corn plants need loose, well-draining potting soil with plenty of organic material to thrive. You also ensure that the roots are kept consistently moist. Another attractive corn plant is the Dracaena fragrans ‘Victoria.’ This short-stemmed plant has leaves similar to ‘Massangeana,’ only that they are shorter and more triangular-shaped. Dracaena tolerates a range of soil types, but drainage is important. Fill a container with well-draining potting soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 6.5. Potting Dracaena Marginata. Press the soil against the plant and tamp it down. Second, cut the remaining stem with the root system about one-half of its length. Outdoors, choose a location that does not collect standing water and has rich, loamy soil. Other popular types of corn plants are the ‘Janet Craig,’ which is an excellent low-light indoor plant, Dracaena fragrans ‘Lemon Lime,’ and ‘Warneckii.’. The peat moss in loamy soil adds essential nutrients to the growing medium and also retains just enough moisture. Dracaena marginata prefers a soil that has a high nutrient content and is slightly acidic. You should only feed the plant during the spring and summer—the growing months. Even though all species in the genus Dracaena are easy houseplants to care for, they can’t stand in soggy soil. Water when the top inch of soil is partly dry and feed every 3 weeks in the growing season. To care for the corn plant grow it in loose, moist potting soil that has good drainage. Also known as the corn plant for its corn-like leaves, it is hardy in USDA zones 10 through 12 and will grow to heights of 50 feet if left alone in the ground. Find a spot in your home with bright, indirect sunlight throughout the day where possible and water every 14 days in spring and summer (and every 21 days typically during the winter months). Add more soil if necessary. Like all Dracaenas, the marginata flourishes in a humid atmosphere. The appropriate potting soil should allow water to drain freely. Then plant the stem in a fresh potting medium, ensuring that the plant is growing the same way up as before. Of course, you can also pot it into soil for more robust growth. To avoid doing irreparable damage to your plant, only water when the soil partially dries. Please read this article to find out how to remove mold from potting soil. Dracaena Massangeana likes soil that is slightly acidic and drains well. In time, cornstalk plants become leggy as most of the foliage grows at the top of the stem, giving it a tree-like appearance. Make sure and water your corn plant as often as needed—when the soil is partly dry. Lucky Bamboo care is extremely easy! Soil. The broad lanceolate leaves form an attractive crown of arching leaves at the top of a woody stem, which gives the corn plant the appearance of a small tree. 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