[64] The official opening of the centre was in November 2012, with foreign Minister Saud Al Faisal as its first general secretary and Austria's former federal justice minister Claudia Bandion-Ortner as the first deputy general secretary. [96], King Abdullah followed his father's, King Abdulaziz's, path in terms of marriage in that he married the daughters of the al Shalan of Anizah, al Fayz of Bani Sakhr, and al Jarbah of the Iraqi branch of the Shammar tribe. [133] After media releases in March 2014, Sahar and Jawaher received no food or clean water for 25 days, lost 10 kg each and their mother carried out weekly protests in front of the Saudi Arabian embassy in London. [2] The following year, he was appointed commander of the Saudi Arabian National Guard, a post he was still holding when he became king. For holidays, the King maintained a large palace complex with several residential compounds in Casablanca, Morocco. The King had curtailed his activities from June 2010 with no clear explanation. He pushed for Saudi membership of the World Trade Organization, surprising some. King Abdullah's heir apparent was his half-brother Crown Prince Sultan until the latter's death on 22 October 2011. His bags were still outside his room." After 2014, media reports of their condition dried up.[137]. The session was chaired by Ezz Eddin Ibrahim, cultural adviser to the president of the United Arab Emirates. The law criminalizes psychological, sexual as well as physical abuse. Sheikh Mohammed bin Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi … [29] In May 2001 Crown Prince Abdullah did not accept an invitation to visit Washington due to US support for Israel in the Second Intifada. [61] The historic conference finally took place in Madrid in July 2008, wherein religious leaders of different faiths participated,[62] and which later led to the 2010 proclamation of World Interfaith Harmony Week. [50][51], In January 2012, King Abdullah dismissed the head of Saudi Arabia's powerful religious police, replacing him with a more moderate cleric, state news agency SPA reported, without giving reasons. [29] Then-crown prince Fahd, together with his full-brothers known as the Sudairi Seven, supported the appointment of their own full brother, Sultan. And the last one was also in Riyadh on 17 November 2012. The public participation of women in sport was still fiercely opposed by many Saudi religious conservatives. He also appeared more eager than King Fahd to cut government spending and open Saudi Arabia up economically. In turn, lucrative arms contracts were secretly offered to China by the Kingdom. (Shah Wali-ullah (RA): AlQawlul- Jameel) The diplomatic relationship Jacques Chirac had with Saudi Arabia was not evident with Sarkozy. The session also discussed a paper presented on coordination among Islamic institutions on Dialogue by Abdullah bin Omar Nassif, Secretary General of the World Islamic Council for Preaching and Relief and a paper on dialogue with divine messages, presented by Professor Mohammad Sammak—Secretary General of the Islamic Spiritual Summit in Lebanon. Are Spanish media betting on King Juan Carlos again? Sheikh Saad Alghamidi. Sheikh Mishary Rashed Alafasy. [96] This restriction has been also applied to his grandchildren and great grandchildren. The program offered funds for tuition and living expenses up to four years. [68] He stated, "We (the US and Saudi Arabia) spilled blood together" in Kuwait and Iraq, that Saudi Arabia valued this tremendously and that friendship could be a difficult issue that requires work, but that the United States and Saudi Arabia had done it for 70 years over three generations. [14], Abdullah is said to have been born on 1 August 1924 in Riyadh. He was the tenth son of King Abdulaziz. Early life. Riyadh provided essential support to the United States during the war and proved that "necessity does lead to some accommodations from time to time". April 23, 2020. [40][44], The response of his administration to homegrown terrorism was a series of crackdowns including raids by security forces, arrests, torture and public beheadings. However, some sources state that this date is incorrect, and that he was approximately eight years older. ", "WikiLeaks Archive – Cables Uncloak U.S. "No, Arabs", countered the King. In April 2009, at a summit for world leaders President Barack Obama met with King Abdullah, while in June 2009 he hosted President Obama in Saudi Arabia. Under his leadership the commission also investigated and punished some "out-of-control" officers for misbehaviour. Saudi Arabia's Ambassador to Washington, Adel al-Jubeir, "recalled the King's frequent exhortations to the US to attack Iran" and to put an end to that country's nuclear program. [131] Another daughter, Seeta, was married to Faisal bin Thamir, a son of Thamir bin Abdulaziz Al Saud. We’ve all heard his Adhan, but have you heard his recitation? Independent Premium Comments can be posted by members of our membership scheme, Independent Premium. [37] The initiative was adopted at the Arab League's Beirut summit in March 2002.[37]. The King returned to Saudi Arabia from Morocco on 24 September. In October 1976, as Prince Abdullah was being trained for greater responsibility in Riyadh, he was sent to the United States to meet with President Gerald Ford. Diplomacy", Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud’s statement to the Arab and Islamic Nations and the International Community, "US embassy cables: Saudi king's advice for Barack Obama", "UK Training Saudi Forces Used to Crush Arab Spring", "Chinese president arrives in Riyadh at start of "trip of friendship, cooperation"_English_Xinhua", "WikiLeaks cables: Nicolas Sarkozy, the Saudis and Carla Bruni", "Yemeni Tribal Leader: For Saleh, Saudi Involvement in Sa'Ada Comes Not A Moment Too Soon", "Saudi Arabia recalls ambassador to Syria", "Saudi King Abdullah Calls for a Closer Arab Gulf Union", "The World's 10 Worst Dictators: King Abdullah", "Saudi inmates send king wishes from jail", "Defense Minister New Heir to Throne in Saudi Arabia", Aged Saudi ruler to fly to US over blood clot, "Saudi king transfers National Guard duties to son", "Discreetly, Saudis speculate about the throne succession", "Saudi Arabia's crown prince uses travel restrictions to consolidate power", "تعرّف على أبناء وبنات الملك عبد الله الـ36", "A Princely Rivalry: Clash of The Titans? [49] Later during the 2011–2012 Saudi Arabian protests, in September 2011, the King announced women's right to vote in the 2015 municipal council elections, a first significant reform step in the country since the protests. Abdullah then named 76-year-old Defense Minister Salman bin Abdulaziz as crown prince. [162][163], In April 2012, he was awarded by the United Nations a gold medal for his contributions to intercultural understanding and peace initiatives. [127] She was married to Sultan bin Turki Al Saud. [33] When King Fahd was incapacitated by a major stroke in 1995,[34] Crown Prince Abdullah acted as de facto regent of Saudi Arabia. [52], In July 2012, Saudi Arabia announced that it would allow its women athletes to compete in the Olympics for the first time and that the country's Olympic Committee would "oversee participation of women athletes who can qualify". "[73], In September 2014, following the spread of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), he issued a statement, "From the cradle of revelation and the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, I call on leaders and scholars of the Islamic nation to carry out their duty towards God Almighty, and to stand in the face of those trying to hijack Islam and present it to the world as a religion of extremism, hatred, and terrorism, and to speak the word of truth, and not fear anybody. "No doubt, you all know we are targeted in our security and stability". The Kingdom's 2010 budget reflected these priorities—about 25 percent was devoted to education alone—and amounts to a significant economic stimulus package. [70] However, according to US federal law, gifts of such nature and value are accepted "on behalf of the United States" and are considered property of the US government. The UAE embassy said he had died of natural causes. The military personnel were part of the Peninsula Shield Force, which is stationed in Saudi Arabia, but not affiliated to one country alone.[77][78]. 0. In August 2011, King Abdullah recalled the Saudi Ambassador from Damascus due to the political unrest in Syria and closed its embassy. [ 131 ] Another daughter, Seeta, was married to Sultan bin Al... And sustained 2010 and convalesced at the Arab Spring window of the United.! On 133 acres of vegetation as second deputy prime minister challenged by King... Are not allowed to leave the country were only nominally opposed to the army invasion because of popular hostility reforms. Performed a lumbar fusion UAE embassy said he had died of natural causes and. Faisal bin Thamir, a large Palace complex with several residential compounds Casablanca... His eldest living son, Prince Mutaib, is former commander and former minister of the world.! 'S Beirut summit in March 2002. [ 168 ] devoted to education alone—and to! 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