Home > Guides > Legumes > Bean > Cowpeas, Binomial Name: Vigna unguiculata Store the roots in a frost-free place, buried in slightly moist sand or leafmould, or something similar. You can find this variety in the following Seed Packs: Click the packs below to see some of our other wonderful products. Harvest by gently pulling each bean from the vine or by snapping off the vine end, if you are going to be using the beans right away. Thin seedling to proper distance, as noted on the seed packet. Cowpea growers have observed less damage from cowpea curculio in the fall, even though the populations of cowpea curculio are always hi… Plant seeds 2 inches deep and 3 inches apart in rows set 3 feet apart. Time to Plant Black-Eyed Peas. So, you’re generally a little more likely to get away with not taking a soil sample — especially in areas with known downfalls. benefits of growing cowpeas in the garden. In most cases, cowpeas have enough drought resistance to establish without supplemental irrigation. Plant the seeds with the eye of the seed facing down. MAINTAINING Do not plant cowpea seeds in You can rest easy knowing it will draw deer and add a wonderful supplement to the herd’s diet. I’ve planted cowpeas on many occasions and several times resulted in failed stands due to decimation soon after germination. Prepare the bed by turning the soil under to a depth of 8 inches. Planting dates should be late May through mid-June. Bush beans begin producing before pole beans and often come in all at Generally, most varieties will yield the best snap beans with a diameter between ⅛-1/4". If experiencing a spell of rain late in the season once pods have matured, plants can be removed from ground and hung upside down indoors to allow dessication to continue. Beans that are harvested too early will not develop the proper flavor and texture. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. They prefer rich, well draining soil. Plant the seeds 1-2 inches deep and be sure to water the soil immediately and regularly, until it sprouts. Maybe the best way to determine suitability for harvest is to sample a pod or two before making a complete harvest. Cowpeas can tolerate a wide range of soil types but do best when planted in well-drained soils that are slightly acidic. same as soybean. Sow them directly into the garden. As a legume, cowpeas are a fast growing nitrogen fixer, making it a great choice as a chop and drop plant. As with most plants, this species requires good seed-to-soil contact. When to Plant. Cowpeas are more drought-resistant than most warm-season plants. In the North, cowpeas should be planted starting in late May or early June. In the summer garden, you can plan for succession plantings. But If you plan to grow them throughout the year, you will have to water them during the dry seasons. As a legume they are more similar to beans than peas and should be grown as such. Perhaps the best simple indicator for snap beans is the diameter of the pods. Runner beans are perennial, but are frost sensitive, so die back in our climate. This nutritious, easy-to-grow legume can be grown just about anywhere though. For a reliable crop of protein-rich beans, consider growing black-eyed peas (Vigna unguiculata). In irrigated areas and higher rainfall districts, rates can be increased to 20 kg/ha (190,000 plants/ha). Check out our stories, videos and hard-hitting how-to's on food plots and land management. The Three Sisters Garden was the first example of companion planting in Native American culture. It is a suggested that you earmark a couple of plants at the beginning of the season for seed saving. Cowpeas are drought and heat tolerant and can be sown once your soil temperature reaches 18oC for 3 days. But even though they aren't new to the New World, they are the new craze in the food plot world. Plants require well-drained, highly acid to neutral soils, but can grow well in a range of soil types, including soils with low fertility. The pole bean crop will continue to produce for a month or two. Soil on the acidic side tends to be more ideal. Site by Gray Loon. Cowpeas can be affected by a number of diseases and are susceptible to viral infections. On the other hand, beans that are allowed to develop on the plant too long will be tough and somewhat unpalatable. Cowpea is an annual herb and is commonly cultivated mainly for its protein-rich seeds. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. Beans generally do not respond well to transplanting, and are usually direct sown around or just after the last spring frost. They only require light fertilization every other week and about 3-5” of water a week. Harvesting Guide Shell beans are harvested at a later time than snap beans, once the pods have started to fill out and the enclosed seeds developing inside are apparent.

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